static IV2SLS.from_formula(formula: str, data: pandas.DataFrame, *, weights: IVData | ndarray | DataArray | DataFrame | Series | None = None) linearmodels.iv.model.IV2SLS[source]
formula: str

Formula modified for the IV syntax described in the notes section

data: pandas.DataFrame

DataFrame containing the variables used in the formula

weights: IVData | ndarray | DataArray | DataFrame | Series | None = None

Observation weights used in estimation


Model instance

Return type:



The IV formula modifies the standard formula syntax to include a block of the form [endog ~ instruments] which is used to indicate the list of endogenous variables and instruments. The general structure is dependent ~ exog [endog ~ instruments] and it must be the case that the formula expressions constructed from blocks dependent ~ exog endog and dependent ~ exog instruments are both valid formulas.

A constant must be explicitly included using “1 +” if required.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from linearmodels.datasets import wage
>>> from linearmodels.iv import IV2SLS
>>> data = wage.load()
>>> formula = 'np.log(wage) ~ 1 + exper + exper ** 2 + brthord + [educ ~ sibs]'
>>> mod = IV2SLS.from_formula(formula, data)